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# LESSON 1 Ratios, Recipes, and Proportions

## Peanut Brittle

Mr. Moreno's class is reviewing ratios using recipes. They are using two recipes for peanut brittle they found in a publication written by George Washington Carver at Tuskegee Institute in 1925.

Remember, a

**ratio**is a way to compare two quantities or numbers. Ratios are often written as fractions. The ratio of peanuts to sugar in the recipe for Peanut Brittle Number One is 1 cup peanuts to 3 cups sugar. We can write this ratio as a fraction: .We also write:

where *P* stands for cups of peanuts

and *S* stands for cups of sugar.

The ratio of peanuts to sugar can also be written with a colon between the quantities:

1 : 3

We can choose to compare the quantities in a different order. For example, we can compare the amount of sugar to the amount of peanuts. In words we say, “The ratio of sugar to peanuts is 3 cups to 1 cup.” Using a fraction, we write this as . Using a colon we write the ratio of sugar to peanuts as 3 : 1.